Jan 082012

types-of-biomassBiomass is an natural matter that can be used to make fuels, chemicals and different merchandise, as well as present heat or electricity. For instance, wood is among the oldest and mostly used examples of biomass. Burning it produces warmth to give us warmth.

Other sources embody vegetation, aquatic crops, animal waste, organic compounds from municipal and industrial waste, which can be used to provide fuels and chemicals, in addition to power. Biomass resources might be replenished by cultivation of energy crops comparable to fast growing trees and grasses.

In contrast to other renewable energy sources, biomass could be transformed straight into liquid fuels for our transportation needs. The two most typical bio-fuels are ethanol and bio-diesel.ethanol-biodiesel

Ethanol is made by fermenting any biomass high in carbohydrates, like corn, by means of a process just like brewing beer. It is mostly used as a gas additive to cut down on a car’s carbon monoxide, and different smog causing, emissions.

cornBio-diesel is an ester, which implies that it is a compound shaped by the response of an acid and an alcohol, with the elimination of water. It’s made utilizing vegetable oils, animal fat, algae, and even recycled cooking greases. It may be used as an additive to diesel, or all by its lonesome to energy a vehicle.

biodieselGood to Know: In transferring from fossil fuels to biomass fuels, there shall be power loss, however at a minimum. The upside is that the organic compounds in Biomass will degrade more naturally, inflicting less pollution. It might fulfill virtually 5% of our nationwide transport needs.

However…large establishment of biomasses will increase the price of corn in addition to different grains, as there shall be a brand new entity competing for them. And even when we took all of the grain produced on this nation, we might only get about 15% of the gas we now use.

In abstract, biomass is a neat alternative to fossil fuels, however they are hardly the solution. If there is any future for bio-fuels in any respect, it will be in an ancillary role at best. There needs to be a greater system in place, hybrids and full electric vehicles, that will also enable some drivers to go for ethanol and different corn-based mostly fuels.
CalCar’s Prius Plug-in Hybrid Electrical Vehicles (’04)

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